Long Before Tesla, This 1959 Car Brought Electric Cars Back Into the Spotlight


A brand new departure in electric vehicle building: gentle, secure, noiseless, odorless, clear, sturdy, comfy, easy in operation. Battery assured for 2 years. In no different car are all these fascinating qualities mixed. One motoring reporter waxed enthusiastic concerning the automotive and additional said that there was simply no level in ready for value reductions or enhancements—this was it! The automotive described was the Waverley, top-of-the-line identified of the early-1900s electrical vehicles.

Some 59 years later, this reporter grew to become fairly enthusiastic whereas testing the Charles “City-About,” a totally new and trendy electrical automotive. This latest of American autos is being manufactured by the Stinson Plane Software & Engineering Co. of San Diego, California. It’s fascinating to notice the similarity between the claims of the outdated Waverley, and the brand new City-About. Gentle: The brand new automotive options an aluminum body, gentle suspension elements, and fiberglass physique. Protected: It has two roll bars constructed into the roof, that are designed to help the burden of the automotive. Noiseless: The prototype makes no noise, besides within the cab, which has not been soundproofed. Odorless: completely no odor. Clear: simply on a regular basis mud, no oil or grease. Sturdy: The elements have been burdened by plane engineers, apart from the aluminum body, which was burdened by Alcoa Aluminum’s engineers. Comfy: The “Americanized” VW-type suspension, plus foam rubber seating, brings electrical automotive consolation updated. Easy in operation: The prototype VW transmission will give option to a two-position (low and cruising pace) electrical transmission. Reverse by turning the important thing, which reverses the present. Battery assured for 2 years: The entire automotive can be assured for 2 years and will probably be factory-serviced free!

The prototype appears to be like just like a Karmann-Ghia VW on the entrance, with massive “Detroit” fins on the rear. Within the pursuits of security in heavy visitors, the City-About mounts massive metal bumpers and over-riders fore and aft. Outwardly, apart from the absence of exhaust pipes, there are not any indications of apart from combustion propulsion. A look on the area normally occupied by the soar seat, nonetheless, throws the informal bystander into confusion—it’s stuffed with batteries! Within the manufacturing model, the batteries will probably be in a field under the soar seat. Check instrumentation (two ammeters and one voltmeter) hangs under an in any other case inventory sprint.

Beginning is unbelievably easy: Simply pull a knob, flip the “ignition” key, and the automotive is prepared—a situation indicated by full silence. Shift into first, step on the throttle, and the automotive strikes away. Nevertheless, as a result of there is no such thing as a soundproofing within the check automotive, it rumbles, and you may hear the acquainted high-pitched whine of the 2 3.2-horsepower motors. Acceleration within the prototype is a bit jerky due to the short-term button-type rheostat swap, which will probably be changed by a clean sliding unit.

Because the check automotive was a really costly one-of-a-kind, I made no abrupt begins, stops, or turns. With its prime pace of 58 mph on the extent, the City-About simply stored up with common freeway visitors. Even with 65 % of the burden on the rear, the automotive corners effectively inside its capabilities. The two.four turns lock-to-lock and 18-foot turning circle make visitors driving a pleasure. The trunk of the prototype accommodates a maze of wiring, with electrical elements hanging from each conceivable kind of mounting. This was finished to isolate the gear for fast checks by Stinson engineers. The manufacturing model will probably be compacted by using aircraft-type a number of cables and connectors.

For metropolis dwellers, the City-About will actually be the reply to low-cost, sturdy, second automotive transportation. As implied by the identify, it has been developed to be used throughout the limits of a metropolis. The one actual drawback appears to be vary. The prototype is comparatively heavy however will drive the automotive 77 miles on one full cost. From a “down” situation, it takes about 7 hours for a very good tapered cost. The charger (provided with the automotive) routinely units its personal cost charge in response to the situation of the batteries, chopping relative charging time. Stinson engineers anticipate the manufacturing mannequin, with its aluminum body, to lift the vary in extra of 100 miles proper off the bat. A half-dozen battery firms are engaged on excessive amp, light-weight models for missile analysis, which may presumably prolong the City-About’s vary many instances over. West Coast car parking zone moguls have been approached (and are enthusiastic) with the concept of putting in “cost meters,” which might cost City-Abouts whereas homeowners had been purchasing or working on the workplace.

This rebirth of the electrical automotive is the results of a luncheon chat between Deane Van Noy, president of Stinson, and Dr. Charles Graves, a dentist, inventor, and physicist. Each males, independently, had been toying with the probabilities of constructing an electrical automotive. Van Noy was already manufacturing four-wheeled electrical golf carts (Tee-Birds) and had shortly realized the probabilities of the electrical drive. In the meantime, Dr. Graves had been accumulating information and doodling plans for varied sorts of electrical drives.

Two years later, after many trials and tribulations, that they had constructed a manufacturing facility designed to mass-produce electrical vehicles, accomplished the mechanical engineering, produced a working prototype, and had been nearly completed with detailed tooling plans. As this story goes to press, the elements are being tooled by varied Southern California firms, comparable to Convair and Magesco.

Having developed the automotive in secrecy, it was with amazement that Stinson started receiving enormous baggage of mail inquiring concerning the automotive. It appears that evidently the Kiplinger Report had casually talked about that an electrical automotive was being developed someplace within the San Diego space. The ensuing mail broke a document at Kiplinger! As a direct outcome, the Stinson Firm has obtained over 90,000 items of mail from 33 states, Mexico, Canada, and Belgium.

To kind of show some extent, Deane Van Noy allowed me to open his morning mail. Generally, the mail was from brokers and personal events wanting inventory quotations, each college students and engineers asking for technical info, sellers searching for franchises, a lady who wished an electrical automotive as a result of the smog management board was after her 1947 automotive, and a pile of four-digit licensed checks from energy and lightweight firms ordering vehicles for trial.

Light-weight, replaceable, separate-celled selenium batteries make up the facility pack. The 48-volt system places out 260 ampere-hours. Pack will probably be carried under the soar seat.

Two 3.2-hp 3,300-rpm electrical motors are geared right into a 1:1 gearbox coupled to a VW transmission. Makeshift wiring will probably be changed with a number of aircraft-type connections.

Beneath the inventory VW sprint are short-term devices: two ammeters and a voltmeter. Prototype VW transmission will probably be changed with an electrical “Twin-range” transmission.

Stinson’s new plant was designed particularly to deal with production-line car manufacture. Starting in April, the San Diego Plant will Produce 80 “City-Abouts” per thirty days.

Creator (heart) discusses electrical automotive with builders Dr. Charles Graves and Deane Van Noy.



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