Mercedes-Benz E-Class History From 1926 To 2020: The Tale Of The Essential Executive Car

Mercedes-Benz E-Class History From 1926 To 2020: The Tale Of The Essential Executive Car

Although the E-Class moniker first appeared in 1993 for the W124 era, Mercedes-Benz’s government automotive really can hint its roots all the way in which again to 1926.

It was then when the newly fashioned Mercedes-Benz model launched the sort 8/38 PS (W02), which was named the Stuttgart 200 two years later. The vary included the 200 (W21), 230 (W143) and 260 D (W138), launched in 1933, 1936 and 1936 respectively, with the latter being the world’s first passenger automotive powered by a diesel engine.

1946-1955: 170 V to 170 DS

After the tip of World War II, the corporate resumed passenger automotive manufacturing in 1946 with the 170 V. The mannequin was really produced in 1936, however it was upgraded to be used by the rescue providers, police and tradespeople. One yr later, the corresponding saloon was launched because the model’s first post-war automotive, with a 38 HP engine, which was upgraded to 44 HP from 1950.

Further growth led to the expansion of the series. The 170 D diesel got here out in 1949, initially with 38 HP and from 1950 with 40 HP. The 170 S Saloon, with a metal physique and a 52 HP engine, which was additionally accessible because the Cabriolet A and Cabriolet B, joined the vary and acted because the top-of-the-line mannequin, till the six-cylinder 220 and 300 have been launched. The 40 HP 170 DS diesel was launched in 1952, and was adopted the following yr by the 170 S-V and 170 S-D, which remained in manufacturing till 1955.

1952-1962: Mercedes-Benz Ponton And The ‘Erlkonig’ Story

In 1952, German journal ‘Das Auto, Motor und Sport’ revealed an image of a 180 prototype, accompanied by a parody of Goethe’s ‘Erlkonig’ ballad, and since then, the phrase has change into synonymous to scoop in German.

The spied four-door signaled the start of a brand new period, because the “pontoon-style” sedan got here out in 1953 with a three-box design, improved aerodynamics and a 1.9-liter engine making 52 HP at first and 65 and 68 HP afterward. The six-pot fashions have been launched in 1954, alongside the 180 D diesel variant, provided with 40 HP initially, after which 43 and 48 HP from 1955 and 1961 respectively. The 190 rolled off the meeting line in 1956 with 75 HP, and three years later, it was upgraded to 80 HP, whereas the 50 HP 190 D was launched in 1958.

In complete, round 443,000 prospects worldwide selected a four-pot Ponton attracted by the brand new design, aggressive engines, the single-joint swing axle with low pivot level on the rear that was launched in 1955, and passive security with enhanced inside from 1959.

1961-1968: The Mercedes-Benz ‘Tail Fin’ With Passive Safety And Modern Comfort Features

The W110 generation debuted in 1961 with a brand new nickname, the ‘Tail Fin’, because of the distinctive design of the rear wings. It additionally got here with elevated passive security options, just like the integrated passenger cell and crumple zones at each ends. Upgraded brakes with entrance discs have been launched in 1963, and from 1967, it additionally gained an impact-absorbing telescopic steering.

The household comprised of the 190 and 190 D, adopted by the 200 and 200 D from 1965, and the six-pot 230, with 105 HP, which was upgraded to 120 HP in 1966. Long wheelbase variations of the 200 D and 230 have been accessible, and unbiased firms produced different derivatives, together with estates and ambulances. Options equivalent to energy steering, sunroof, heated rear window, air-con, electrical home windows and automated transmission have been launched for this mannequin.

1968-1976: Mercedes-Benz Stroke/8

With new design, a coupe spinoff and a protracted wheelbase limo, with seven or eight seats, the W114/W115 was nicknamed the ‘Stroke/8’, based mostly on the suffix referred to the yr of launch (1968). This was Merc’s first mannequin to promote in additional than 1 million items, and by 1976, over 1.Eight million saloons and 67,000 coupes have been constructed.

The W114 designation was used for the six-cylinder engines, and the W115 one for the four- and five-pots. As for the fashions that stood out, these have been the 250 CE, with 150 HP and Bosch gasoline injection, and the 280 and 280 E, with 160 and 185 HP engines.

The Stroke/Eight was provided with a extra superior suspension, with anti-roll bar as normal, a five-speed handbook transmission, central locking and lightweight alloy wheels. In 1973, the lineup was facelifted with up to date appears to be like, four-spoke security steering wheel and normal head restraints and inertia-reel seatbelts on the entrance. Moreover, the world’s first passenger automotive powered by a five-cylinder diesel engine, the 80 HP 240 D 3.0, was launched in 1974.

1976-1986: First Official Estate And Even More Gear

In 1976, the lineup was improved as soon as once more with the introduction 123 model series. Around 2.7 million items have been constructed till 1986, which had made it the preferred E-Class till then. Some prospects needed to wait as much as a yr to take supply, which stored resale costs excessive.

Fueled by the Belgian firm IMA’s ambition to launch an property of the E-Class in 1966, which was bought within the Mercedes-Benz supplier community in Germany, the 123 sequence was the primary to supply such a physique type straight from the manufacturing facility. It joined the coupe, seven- or eight-seater lengthy wheelbase limo and saloon.

The engine lineup was additionally in depth, with outputs ranging between 55 and 177 HP, and it included the 125 HP 300 TD turbodiesel with an exhaust-gas turbocharger. Double wishbone entrance suspension, security steering column, impact-protected gasoline tank, elective cruise management, ABS, driver airbag and energy assisted steering have been additionally accessible.

The 123 proved its racing credentials within the London-Sydney rally, with two 280 Es nabbing the primary two locations, and two others ending within the high ten.

Mercedes additionally experimented with various fuels, equivalent to electrical energy, hydrogen and LPG, on this era of the E-Class.

1984-1997: The First Mercedes-Benz E-Class Is Officially Born

More numerous than ever, this era was provided in 4 physique types, specifically a sedan, property, coupe and, for the primary time in current historical past, a cabriolet, plus a protracted wheelbase variant and different particular fashions.

Petrol and diesel engines have been accessible for the 124 model series, ranging from 72 to 326 HP within the 500 E that debuted in 1990. The E 60 AMG was launched in 1993 and upped the ante with its 381 HP engine, whereas options such because the 4Matic four-wheel drive system and multi-link unbiased rear suspension have been launched.

Falling according to the smaller C-Class and the larger S-Class, the 124 was dubbed the E-Class in June 1993, when the mannequin’s mid-life cycle facelift was launched.

By the time manufacturing ended, Mercedes had constructed 2,737,000 items of the 124 mannequin sequence, together with 2,213,000 sedans, roughly 340,000 estates, 140,000 coupes and 34,000 cabriolets.

1995-2002: The E-Class With Twin-Headlamps

Launched in 1995, the second-gen E-Class introduced a double-headlamp design and three gear grades named Classic, Elegance and Avantgarde. The engine lineup included a beneficiant host of gasoline and diesel items, with outputs between 95 and 347 HP within the E50 AMG, and an property variant was additionally accessible.

2002-2009: Further Evolution

The W211 rolled off the meeting line with an evolutionary styling, extra passive and lively security, bi-xenon headlights, automated air-con, rain-sensing wipers and lots of others, as this was, in any case, made in the modern era. Other highlights included the four-link entrance and multi-link rear unbiased suspension, air suspension and ESP.

At the 2006 New York Auto Show, the facelifted iteration debuted, with loads of novelties, together with the 514 HP E63 AMG.

2009-2016: More Evolution, No Revolution

The E-Class was additional refined for the W212 generation, which was proven in early 2009, with an extra evolution of the design language, extra aerodynamic and technical enhancements, in addition to a choice of trendy engines which have been topped by the 525 HP E63.

2016-2020: The Latest E-Class That Everyone Knows

The fifth-gen E-Class was introduced on the 2016 Detroit Auto Show, with a Russian doll design, superior car-to-car communication, smartphone integration, new infotainment system and a variety of security gear. The property was launched half a yr later, and the coupe and cabriolet adopted in 2017, whereas your complete vary was facelifted earlier this yr.

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